Skin problems in pets are not that difficult to differentiate to those of humans. Similarly, skin allergies in pets have the same causes and also, manifests similar symptoms. However, the difficulty lies in finding affected areas and seeking the right treatment depending on your pet’s skin disease.
Skin diseases in pets can be affected by many things such as external factors and secondary reactions. For example, pets get sunburned from excessive exposure from the sun’s UV rays, but pets skin allergies can turn into a bacterial skin infection in pets when left untreated. That’s why skin problems on puppies and kitten should be treated immediately to avoid irritants from becoming a lifelong skin disease.
Common Skin Problems in Pets
- Ticks and Fleas
Your furbabies aren’t safe when there are ticks and fleas around, most especially during the warmer months. Ticks and fleas feed on your furbaby’s blood and can have a series of health problems, from allergic reactions to serious tick-borne illnesses. As parents, you need to create a clean environment to prevent a tick and flea infestation in your home and on your furbabies.
Pet skin allergies can be a result of an infestation of ticks and fleas. So, how will you know if your cat or dog has ticks or fleas?
Ticks are more visible compared to fleas. You’ll know it’s a tick because you can feel and see it on your pet. Ticks appear near the head, neck, ears or paws. On cats, ticks appear more often on the ears and eyes. However, unlike fleas, ticks carry diseases so remove it as soon as you see it.
Fleas on dogs will show warning signs such as flea droppings (dark specks), eggs (white specks), excessive licking or scratching, or scabs or hot spots on the skin. Warning signs are similar in cats. Fleas on cats appear more often on their neck and the base of their tails.
Ticks and fleas can be a real problem on the skin and coat of your furbabies. Persistent licking, biting and scratching on these areas can lead to a series of problems and diseases such as anemia, skin irritation, skin paralysis or a bacterial infection in pets.
- Feline Acne
Cats get acne too, usually around their chin. And guess what? According to pets webmd, possible causes can include stress (just like people!), poor grooming, a reaction to medication, underlying skin condition or plastic bowl used to feed her water or food.
Do not prick your furbaby’s pimples! There are shampoos your veterinarian can recommend to reduce your furbaby’s acne.
Cloud Star Shampoo
Dandruff, also known as seborrhea, is one of the skin problems in pets similar to that of humans. When checking your furbaby, you will know if he has dandruff if he has:
- Dry, flaky, itchy skin
- Thinning hair or bald areas
- Scabs, bumps or pimples
Pets with dry, itchy skin is usually the onset of dandruff causing skin to flake and irritate the hair shaft. There are a variety of shampoos that cater to different skin types. It’s best to know the skin type of your furbaby to ensure that his skin and coat are not being damaged due to the ingredients in his shampoo.
Dermatitis can be categorized into allergic, parasitic, nutritional and environmental. This can affect your furbaby all year-round or during a particular season. It’s best to determine what allergen triggers his dermatitis to avoid pets with dry, itchy skin. It can get worse when the skin becomes inflamed. Completely eliminating exposure to irritants can definitely make it easier for your furbaby.
Pet Naturals Skin and Coat for Cats and Dogs
- Hot Spots
Hot spots are angry looking sores that appear as red, hairless and inflamed on skin. The worst part is that hot spots can have a foul smell and exude puss.
These can be caused by anything that irritates skin, such as yeast, mites, bacterial or fungal infections, allergies, matted fur, bug bites, etc. So, when you’re furbaby has a sore, make sure he doesn’t lick, bite or scratch it because it’ll only get worse. The last thing you want is a bacterial infection in pets.
- Ear Mites
Pet skin diseases result from pests that decide to live in your furbaby. Ear mites are parasites drawn to wax and oils inside ear.
Usually, both ears are infected at the same time. Symptoms to look out for are:
- Head shaking
- Strong odor from ear
- Dark discharge from ear
This is contagious, so don’t let your furbaby mingle with other furbabies when you’re sure or even just suspect that he’s infected with ear mites. Topical products prescribed by your veterinarian can help disinfect and relieve the itch.
- Skin Infection
Skin problems in pets includes two types of infections: bacterial and yeast.
Bacterial skin infection in pets are usually a result of problems related to allergies, fleas or mites and happens after persistent scratching. These appear as bumps, pimples or open sores on the skin, with yellow or green discharge. Your furbaby will most likely lick this constantly, shake his head, scratch his ears, or hold his head to one side. Good thing, this type of infection is easier to treat with antibiotics.
Yeast infections are common during the warmer months. Your furbaby’s skin becomes smelly and greasy, and affected areas like his ears, armpits, feet and skin fold are usually moist. Affected areas usually have brown waxy discharge. Your veterinarian may prescribe antifungal medication.
This usually affects both cats and dogs. Ringworms appear as a circular lesion on the body, often flaky and bald.
If your furbaby has ringworms, keep him isolated because it’s pets skin disease that’s contagious. But it’s not the end of the world! Shampoos, ointments and different oral medicines can treat this skin problem.
Do pets get sunburned? Yes, pets get sunburned! If your furbaby loves to wonder off on his own, always make sure he’s protected from the damaging effects of the sun’s powerful rays with the right sunscreen. Excessive exposure to sun causes sunburn and sun-induced aging. If you’re asking – do pets get skin cancer? Yes, too much exposure can also cause skin cancer! That’s why provide shade when needed and use the right sun-protection measures.
- Excessive Shedding
Hair loss is normal, but it becomes one of the skin problems in pets when in excess. Immediately book an appointment with your veterinarian. Excessive shedding, also known as alopecia, can also be a sign of an underlying illnesses or poor nutrition.
Midwest Home Ruff Beds
These skin problems in pets have similar to exactly the same triggers and symptoms experienced by human. Skin allergies in pets should be given importance so as not to turn into lifelong allergies or diseases. Skin diseases in pets can be avoided by using natural products and simple trip to the veterinarian. Your veterinarian will best advise you regarding the correct course of action for your furbaby’s health problems.