Furbabies love to chew and bite! Nothing will stop their curiosity to satisfy their urge to smell and get a taste of whatever it is. Sadly, you can’t just sit back and relax because there are hazards that are potentially fatal, too.

Pet poisoning poses a serious threat and it is your job to protect your furbaby by knowing what he can and can’t eat and be exposed to. This way you can protect your furbaby’s health and most importantly, his life. Get to know the top 10 cat and dog poison list.

Pet poisoning philippines 

Top 10 Cat and Dog Poison List

  1. Garden products

Having a garden can be fun when you have a pet, but it can also be a hazard. 2.6% of cases reported in 2017 were due to the exposure and ingestion of garden-related products.

The garden is an open space where many other insects and rodents usually reside or visit temporarily, such as: rats, snails and slugs, and different types of plants that grow. Due to the natural course of nature, there is a need for garden products such as fertilizers, herbicides and other soil enhancement products that are harmful to pets. So, when you work on your garden, make sure your pets are in a contained area, away from the garden. 

  1. Plants

Although plants are very beautiful, it’s important to choose a variant that is not considered toxic for your furbaby. 5.4% were plant-related cases. These range from landscaping plants to house plants, and even, those lovely bouquets given from your loved one. Consumption of toxic plants may cause vomiting and gastrointestinal upset. Here are some plants poisonous to dogs and cats:

  • Alocasia
  • Aloe
  • Apple
  • Birds of paradise
  • Calla Lily
  • Chives
  • Dieffenbachia
  • Daisy
  • Eucalyptus
  • Hydrangea
  • Lavender
  • Leek
  • Poinsettia
  • Tulip
  • Yew

These are only some of the variants of plants that are considered toxic to dogs and cats.

  1. Rodenticides

When using rodenticides, always read the label and follow the care instructions. 6.3% of cases report were due to exposure.

Before treating your home, remove all the toys, food bowls and beddings, and keep pets away from the area. These are designed to kill rodents, which contain chemicals that harmful to dogs and cats.

  1. Insecticides

Similar to using rodenticides, always read the label and follow the care instructions. 6.7% of the cases reported were due insecticides, some due to only mere exposure. These products are targeted to kill insects, but certain substances can also be harmful to cats and dogs.

  1. Household Items

Everyone has their essential and must-have items at home, but the ingredients in these items can result in pet poisoning. Here are the commonly known household items that cause pet poisoning:

  • Cigarettes and nicotine patches
  • Carpentry items: paint, glue, grout
  • Personal care products: essential oils, petroleum jelly, bar soap, face wash, mosquito repellent, grapeseed oil
  • Cleaning products: carpet shampoo, toilet cleaning tablets, vinegar and water mixture, laundry detergent, bleach

Believe it or not, 8.6% of cases reported were due to the ingestion of these household items. 

  1. Chocolate

Chocolates are so darn delicious for us humans but can be toxic or even fatal for our furbabies. In 2017, 8.8% chocolate-related cases were reported. Sad to say, dogs and cats cannot metabolize both caffeine and theobromine in chocolate, so the ingestion of any of these will be toxic or fatal. The severity of the poisoning highly depends on how much was ingested relative to the size of your dog or cat.

The substances affect the nervous system and can increase heart rate, stimulate urination, cause vomiting and diarrhea, and make an animal restless. 

Once you’ve determined or merley suspect that your furbaby has ingested chocolate, note how much and let your furbaby’s veterinarian know to determine the best course of action.

 

Type of chocolate

Theobromine concentration

Lethal dose (LD50)

Toxic dose

Baker’s chocolate

19 mg/g

5-10 g/kg

1 g/kg

Sweet dark 

5-6 mg/g

16-40 g/kg

3 g/kg

Milk chocolate

2.3 mg/g

43-83 g/kg

8 g/kg

Source: pulaskianimalhospital.com

 

Symptoms appear as early as 6 to 12 hours after ingestion and may last up to 72 hours. These cat and dog poison symptoms include: 

  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Restlessness
  • Increased urination
  • Tremors
  • Elevated or abnormal heart rate
  • Seizures
  • Collapse and death
  1. Veterinary Products

Furbabies overdose, too! In 2017, 8.9% of the poison related cases were due to the overdose of veterinary products such as flavored and chewable tablets – they were probably so delicious that furbabies mistook them for treats and could not resist but eat them all. So, medicines prescribed by veterinarians should always be kept in a safe and locked storage area, where furbabies have absolutely no access no matter hard they try.

  1. Food

Food is love, but some foods can be a health hazard to furbabies. 10.9% of cases were due to the ingestion of hazardous foods. What could have poisoned my dog and cat? Well, this list includes (but is not limited to) the following:

  1. Chocolate
  2. Caffeine
  3. Leftover bones and fat trimmings
  4. Grapes and raisins
  5. Onions and garlic
  6. Dairy products
  7. Yeast
  8. Avocados
  9. Macadamia nuts
  10. Alcohol
  11. Xylitol

The symptoms will depend greatly on which hazardous food and how much has been eaten. It’s best to keep food on the table or stored properly at all times, and to clean up after every meal to ensure that your furbaby won’t get to snatch a bite.

  1. Over-the-counter (OTC) Medication

Medication for humans do not have the same effect on furbabies. This means that what works for you may not work for your furbaby. Unlike prescription medication, OTC medication is bought in the drugstore straight away and usually are staples in every household in case of an emergency.

However, 17.4% of the cases reported in 2017 were due to OTC medication given to furbabies. OTC medication range from vitamins, pain medications (acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and naproxen), herbal supplements, probiotics, antihistamines and cold and flu medications. Again, regardless if it was given unintentionally, it will still result in poisoning, which can be fatal. It’s best to always seek proper storage, where it cannot be accessed by your furbaby.

  1. Human Prescription Medication

LET’S REPEAT. Medication for humans do not have the same effect on furbabies, but 17.5% of the pet poison related cases were due to prescription medication, ranking #1, such as: pain medication, antidepressants and heart medication. These are strong, targeted medication dedicated to help humans with their specific ailments but can be very detrimental to your furbaby’s life. Keep medicines out of sight and away from his paw’s reach. 

Can a dog or cat recover from poisoning? This will always depend on what your furbaby ate and how much he ate, so know the answer to the question: “What could have poisoned my dog or cat?”. Always be prepared with your veterinarian’s number. He will give you advice as to the proper cat or dog poisoning treatment is best for your furbaby.

Pet poisoning poses a serious threat to your furbaby’s health. Ensure your furbaby’s safety by seeking safekeeping and proper storage for items that contain harmful ingredients. If you’re unsure about cat and dog poisoning treatment, seek your doctor’s advice. There’s nothing quite like a happy and healthy furbaby roaming around your home, safe and sound. 

 

Sources:

https://www.aspca.org/

https://www.aspca.org/

https://www.aspca.org/

https://www.aspca.org/

https://www.pulaskianimalhospital.com/

http://www.vetstreet.com/